Frederikshavn d. 28.07.03
Til flygtningeminister Bertel Haarder
Jeg vil bede dig læse nedenstående resume af Human Right Watchs rapport ”Killing You Is a Very Easy Thing for Us" og genoverveje om afghanske asylsøgere kan tvangsudvises ”i sikkerhed og værdighed” til det nuværende (rets)sikkerhedsmæssige kaos i Afghanistan, jf Human Right Watch ?
Og hvordan sikrer du, at de allerede udviste afghanere ikke bliver udsat for overgreb og i øvrigt overlever ?
Med venlig hilsen
Arne Hansen, medlem af LDF, Pamelas venner mm.
Subject: Afghanistan: Warlords Implicated in New Abuses
From: Human Rights Watch <firstname.lastname@example.org>
Date: Mon, 28 Jul 2003 13:41:34 -0700
For Immediate Release:
Afghanistan: Warlords Implicated in New Abuses
Report Details Threats to Women's Rights, Freedom of Expression
(New York, July 29, 2003) - Afghan warlords and political
strongmen supported by the United States and other nations are
engendering a climate of fear in Afghanistan that is threatening
efforts to adopt a new constitution and could derail national
elections scheduled for mid-2004, Human Rights Watch said in a
new report released today.
The report warns that violence, political intimidation, and
attacks on women and girls are discouraging political
participation and endangering gains made on women's rights in
Afghanistan over the last year.
"Human rights abuses in Afghanistan are being committed by gunmen
and warlords who were propelled into power by the United States
and its coalition partners after the Taliban fell in 2001," said
Brad Adams, executive director of the Asia Division of Human
Rights Watch. "These men and others have essentially hijacked the
country outside of Kabul. With less than a year to go before
national elections, Afghanistan's human rights situation appears
to be worsening."
The 101-page report, "Killing You Is a Very Easy Thing for Us":
Human Rights Abuses in Southeast Afghanistan, documents army and
police troops kidnapping Afghans and holding them for ransom in
unofficial prisons; breaking into households and robbing
families; raping women, girls and boys; and extorting shopkeepers
and bus, truck and taxi drivers. The report also describes
political organizers, journalists and media editors being
threatened with death, arrested and harassed by army, police and
intelligence agents. The subject area of the report, the
southeast of Afghanistan and Kabul city, is one of the most
densely populated areas of Afghanistan.
Because soldiers are targeting women and girls, many are staying
indoors, especially in rural areas, making it impossible for them
to attend school, go to work, or actively participate in the
country's reconstruction. In many places, human rights abuses are
driving many Afghan families to keep their girls out of school.
The atmosphere of violence, along with resurgent religious
fundamentalism in parts of the country, is endangering the most
important human rights improvement since the end of the
Taliban--the ability of girls to go back to school.
"The fact is that most girls in Afghanistan are still not in
school," said Adams. "In many cases, returning refugee families
who sent their girls to school in Pakistan or Iran are afraid to
do the same in Afghanistan."
The testimony of victims and witnesses implicates soldiers and
police under the command of many high-level military and
political officials in Afghanistan. These include Mohammad Qasim
Fahim, the Minister of Defense; Hazrat Ali, the military leader
of the Eastern Region; Younis Qanooni, the Minister of Education;
Burhanuddin Rabbani, the former president of Afghanistan; and
Abdul Rabb al-Rasul Sayyaf, a powerful former mujahidin leader to
whom many of the officials involved in the documented abuses in
Kabul city and province remain loyal.
The report urges the Afghan government to sideline and pressure
abusive leaders and to seek more international assistance in its
Human Rights Watch called on the United States, the United
Kingdom, Iran, Russia and other external powers to end their
support for local strongmen and commanders involved in human
"External support for warlords is destabilizing Afghanistan,"
said Adams. "The United States and the United Kingdom, in
particular, need to decide whether they are with President Karzai
and other reformers in Kabul or with the warlords. The longer
they wait, the more difficult it will be to loosen the warlords'
grip on power."
Human Rights Watch emphasized the need for the Afghan government
and the international community to redouble efforts to reform the
Afghan Ministry of Defense. The Ministry of Defense in Kabul is
currently dominated by the political and military faction "Shura-
e Nazar," a loose alliance of former mujahidin parties. Making
the ministry more ethnically and politically representative is a
vital prerequisite for the disarmament, demobilization and
reintegration programs that could lessen the power of abusive
military rulers and their troops.
Human Rights Watch urged NATO to expand the geographic scope of
the U.N. authorized security force, the International Security
Assistance Force (ISAF), currently stationed only in Kabul, when
it takes over ISAF command in August. Human Rights Watch also
urged NATO to widen ISAF's mandate to include disarmament and
human rights protection. Plans to deploy more international
Provincial Reconstruction Teams (PRTs) may be a positive step if
they focus on security, but they are not a substitute for an
expanded security force.
Human Rights Watch called on the United Nations to increase its
human rights monitoring and protection efforts through the
deployment of significant numbers of U.N. human rights officers
around the country.
"With more U.N. human rights workers on the ground, victims will
be better able to seek redress and protection. An increase in
monitoring will have the added benefit of giving the Afghan
administration and the international community better information
about what is happening around the country," said Adams. "This
is standard operating procedure in other U.N. missions, but so
far the United Nations has refused to take this step."
Human Rights Watch also urged the United Nations to increase its
public reporting on the human rights situation and to supply more
personnel to work side-by-side with the Afghan Independent Human
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